掌心牛牛

军事需求驱动直升机产业发展

2019-03-11 来源:  0条评论

掌心牛牛ZHISHENGJIZAIJUNSHILINGYUDECHENGGONGYINGYONG, CUJINLEZHISHENGJIDEFAZHAN。SUIZHEJUNYONGZHISHENGJIXUQIULIANGDEZENGJIA,SHIJIEGEGUODOUFEICHANGZHONGSHIJUNYONGZHISHENGJIDEYANZHIYUFAZHAN,YOUQISHIMEIGUOHEELUOSIJINGGUOYIXILIEDETANSUOHECHANGSHI,JUNYONGZHISHENGJIQUDELETUFEIMENGJINDEJINZHAN,LUXUDANSHENGDUOGEJINGDIANJIXING,BINGJINGSHOUZHULESHIZHANKAOYAN。

ZHISHENGJIZAIJUNSHILINGYUDECHENGGONGYINGYONG, CUJINLEZHISHENGJIDEFAZHAN。SUIZHEJUNYONGZHISHENGJIXUQIULIANGDEZENGJIA,SHIJIEGEGUODOUFEICHANGZHONGSHIJUNYONGZHISHENGJIDEYANZHIYUFAZHAN,YOUQISHIMEIGUOHEELUOSIJINGGUOYIXILIEDETANSUOHECHANGSHI,JUNYONGZHISHENGJIQUDELETUFEIMENGJINDEJINZHAN,LUXUDANSHENGDUOGEJINGDIANJIXING,BINGJINGSHOUZHULESHIZHANKAOYAN。ZHISHENGJIZAIZHANCHANGSHANGDECHUXIAN,TUIDONGLECHUANTONGZUOZHANFANGSHIDEBIANGE,TONGSHIDUIZHISHENGJIDEYINGYONGHEFAZHANYEQIDAOLEJUDADEQUDONGZUOYONG。MUQIAN,ZHISHENGJIYICHENGWEIXIANDAIZHANZHENGBUKEQUESHAODEWUQIZHUANGBEI。

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美国的军事需求与直升机发展

掌心牛牛MEIGUOZHISHENGJIDEFAZHANYUJUNSHIXUQIUYOUZHEQIANSIWANLVDELIANXI。ZHISHENGJIHENZAOJIUBEIYONGYUJUNSHIXINGDONG。1944NIANR-4ZHISHENGJIBEIPAIWANGMIANDIAN,DANRENMEIJUNZHUMIANDIANZHIHUIGUANDEGUANCHAJI。1943~1946NIANJIAN,MEIJUNHAICENGZHESHOUYANJIUZHISHENGJIYONGYUFANQIANZUOZHAN。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIZHISHENGJIZAOQICANJIADEZUOZHANXINGDONG。ZAICHAOXIANZHANZHENGZHONG,QINGXINGDUOYONGTUZHISHENGJIHEYUNSHUZHISHENGJIFAHUILEJUDADEZUOYONG。YUENANZHANZHENGBAZHISHENGJIJUNSHIYINGYONGTUIDAOLESHIWUQIANLIDEGUIMO,YONGYUNSHUZHISHENGJIDAGUIMODISHISHIKONGZHONGZUOZHAN,YONGWUZHUANGZHISHENGJIHUHANGJIDUIDIJINXINGHUOLIZHIYUAN,YONGGELEIZHANQINZHISHENGJIJINXINGZHENCHA、ZHIHUI、TONGXINHEJIUHU。MEIGUOCONG1961NIANJIUKAISHIJIJIYANZHIZHUANYONGWUZHUANGZHISHENGJI。ZHIHOU,WEILESHIYINGFANTANKE、ZHANSHUYUNSHUHEKONGZHANDEXUYAO,MEIGUOFAZHANLE“YANJINGSHE”XILIE、AH-64XILIEHECH-47XILIE。WEILEZAIZHANCHANGSHANGZHANJUSUDUYOUSHI,MEIGUOYOUYANZHILEV-22QINGZHUANXUANYIJI,V-22JIANGYIGENGJIAZHANXINDEZITAIHEGENGWEIDUTEDEKONGZHONGYOUSHIHUOYUEZAI21SHIJIDEZHANCHANGSHANG。

2

俄罗斯的军事需求与直升机发展

俄罗斯直升机的发展与军事需求也有密切的关系,同时也受到美国等西方国家的影响,加快了直升机的研制进程。1956年米-4参加了匈牙利的军事行动,这是苏联军用直升机的首次应用。为了适应战争的需要,俄罗斯相继发展了米-6、米-8、米-24和米-28系列。20世纪60年代中期, 由于受到美国第一代直升机AH-1的启发,俄罗斯开始研制专用武装直升机米-24。米-24直升机在阿富汗战争和伊朗-伊拉克战争中以及30多次军事冲突中发挥了巨大的作用。20世纪70年代,随着美国先进武装直升机AH-64“阿帕奇”的出现,俄罗斯也想研制类似的直升机,试图超过“阿帕奇”,米里和卡莫夫两家参与了该竞争。为了作战能力,俄罗斯研制了新一代武装直升机米-28和卡-50。海湾战争以后,把直升机的夜间作战能力放在很突出的地位加以强调,因此, 俄罗斯又发展了米-28N和卡-52。

4

JUNFANGYUZHISHENGJIGONGYEBUMENDEDUIJIEHEXIEZUO

军方与直升机工业部门的协作

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掌心牛牛ELUOSIJUNYONGZHISHENGJIDEYANFAYESHIJUNFANGGENJUZUOZHANLILUNHEZUOZHANZHUANGBEIDEJUTIXUYAOXIANGZHISHENGJIZHIZAOBUMENTIXUQIU。YANZHIJINGFEIYOUGUOJIATONGGUOSHIYONGBUMENJINXINGTOURU,YANZHICHENGGONGHOUPISHENGCHANDEXIAOYITIXIANZAIXIAOLIANGSHANG, DUINEIDUIWAIDEXIAOSHOUYOUGUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENZHANGWO。MUQIAN,ELUOSIZHENGFUHEBINGZHISHENGJIGONGYE, BAZHISHENGJIGONGYEBUMENZHONGXINHUAGUIGUOYOU。ZAIELUOSIZHENGFU、GONGYEHEKEXUEJISHUBUMENYIJIELUOSIGUOFANGBUDEDALIZHICHIXIA,ELUOSIZHISHENGJIGUFENGONGSIKAIZHANZHISHENGJIDEYANZHIGONGZUO。TONGSHIELUOSIZHISHENGJIGONGYEYIKAOHELIANHEELUOSIWUQIHEJISHUBINGQIJINCHUKOUGONGSI、ELUOSIGONGYEJINCHUKOUGONGSI、ELUOSIKEJIJINCHUKOUGONGSI,BINGLIYONGTAMENGUANGFANDEYEWULIANXIWANG、LIANGHAODESHENGYUHESHULIANGAOXIAODEYUNZUONENGLI。

3

YIXIAYONGJIGEDIANXINGDEANLILAISHUOMINGJUNFANGYUGONGYEBUMENDEGUANXI。

轻型直升机实验(LHX)计划

1981年美国陆军提出轻型直升机实验(LHX)计划,要求研制双座侦察/攻击和空战直升机。LHX计划是美国陆军第一个采用“备选方案分析”(AoA)方法的项目。这种方法对项目的费用、效率、计划、风险及其技术水平进行综合分析。波音/西科斯基公司将分析的综合结果在里程碑Ⅱ之前就上报美国陆军和国防部的决策者。公司备选方案分析组首先想办法获得军方指挥员的期望并解释整个项目情况,然后用图表形式做出计划。

WEILEMANZUSHANGYIGECENGCIZONGHEDEXUYAO, YOUSHIXUYAODUIXIAYIGECENGCIZHONGXINXIUDINGJIHUABINGZAIJISHUDENGFANGMIANJINXINGYIXIEBIYAODEXIUGAI。MEIGECENGMIANDEZONGHEFENXIXIAOZUAITZAIZIJIDEZHIQUANFANWEINEIJINXINGXIEDIAO,PINGGUXIUGAIDUIZHENGGEXIANGMUDEFENGXIAN,XIUGAIHOUGEZIXIANGMUDEFENGXIANJIBENPINGHENG。ZHEIZHONGPINGGUHEXIEDIAOXUYAOFANFUJINXING,ZHIDAOZONGHEFENXIXIAOZUYISHIQISUOZAIDECENGMIANNENGMANZUZHENGGEXIANGMUDEMUBIAOBINGQIEZAIKEJIESHOUDEFENGXIANFANWEIZHINEI。

5

LHX项目管理中最主要的经验有如下几点:

YONGHU、YANZHISHANGHECHENGBAOSHANGDOUZHANGWOYOUXIAODEXIANGXIXINXIBINGZHIJIECANYUGUANJIANDEFEIYONG、JINDUHEZHISHENGJIXINGNENGDEQUEDING。

掌心牛牛ZHENGFUYUXIANGGUANDECHENGBAOSHANGZAITANPANZHIQIANJIUJIAQIANGLIANXI,JINZUIDAKENENGXIAOCHUZHENGFUHECHENGBAOSHANGZHIJIANCUNZAIDEFEIYONGHEJISHUDENGFANGMIANDECHAJU。

FEIYONGZUOWEIYIGEDANDUDEBIANLIANGNENGQUEBAOFEIXIAOGUANLIBINGDUIFEIXIAOQUANHENGJINXINGCHIXUDEGUANZHU。

掌心牛牛JISHUYAOQIUFANGZAIDANDUDEXINGNENGGONGZUOBAOGAOSHUZHONG,CAIYONGTONGSUYIDONGDEYUYANCHENSHU, SHIGUANLIZHEYIYULIJIEHEBAWO。

DALIANGSHIYONGYIBANDESHANGYECAIGOU,YIJIANGDICHENGBEN。

SHIXIANWUZHIBANGONG,CAIYONGDIANZISHOUDUANTIJIAOEMDSHENQING。

ZHENGFUYUCHENGBAOSHANGJINGCHANGLIANXIXIEDIAOGAIJINJIHUA,SHIJIHUAGENGQUHELI,CONGERZAICAIBANGUOCHENGZHONGSHIZHENGGEXIANGMUSHOUDAOGANRAOZUIXIAO。

美军第一代直升机西科斯基R-4。

MEIJUNDIYIDAIZHISHENGJIXIKESIJIR-4。

JMR计划

掌心牛牛2004NIANMEIGUOLUJUNHANGKONGHEDAODANYANJIUFAZHANGONGCHENGZHONGXIN(AMRDEC)SHOUCIGONGBULEJMRXIANGMUHETOUZIQINGKUANG,BINGKAISHIDIYIJIEDUANYANJIUGONGZUO。ZAIZHEIYIJIEDUANTAMENDUIXIANGMUKEXINGXINGHEXINGNENGXUQIUJINXINGYANJIU。YUCITONGSHI,MEIGUOJUNFANGTICHULEGUANYUJMRXIANGMUDEFAZHANSILU,JICAIYONGTONGYONGJISHUMANZUBAOKUOQINGXING、ZHONGXING、ZHONGXINGHECHAOZHONGXINGGEZHONGBUTONGDUNWEIZHISHENGJI,YIJIGONGJI、ZHENCHA、TONGYONGHEZHONGXINGYUNSHUGEZHONGBUTONGRENWUJIXINGDEXUYAO,YITIDAIMUQIANDEUH-60、AH-64、OH-58HEQITAYIXIEXUANYIJISHENZHIGUDINGYIFEIJI。

掌心牛牛MEIGUOJUNFANGQUEDINGJIANGZHONGXINGTONGYONGXINGJMRZUOWEIXIANGMUDEQIDIAN,TONGSHILUJUNHAIJIANGWEILAILIANGNIANDUIQIJISHUKUOZHANXINGJINXINGYANJIU,CHANGSHIJIANGQITONGGUOSUOBIHUOKUOZHANFAZHANWEIQINGXINGZHENCHAXUANYIJIHEZHONGXINGYUNSHUXUANYIJI。CIWAI,RUGUOJHL(LIANHEZHONGXINGXUANYIJI)XIANGMUWUFATIGONGLUJUNXUYAODECHAOZHONGXINGXUANYIJI,JMRYEYOUKENENGHUIKAIZHANCHAOZHONGXINGYUNSHUXINGJMRDEGOUXINGYANJIU。

JMR共分为3个阶段,即0阶段、第1阶段与第2阶段。

掌心牛牛ZAIJMRDE“0JIEDUAN”,MEIGUOGUOFANGBUZHENDUIFVLSUOTICHUDEWEILAIRENWUXUQIU, DUIWEILAIXUANYIFEIXINGQIDEYONGTU、YAOQIU、CHENGBENHEQIANZAIDESHEJIKONGJIANJINXINGPINGGU,DANZHEIZHISHIBIMENZAOCHE、ZHISHANGTANBINGSHIDEYANJIU,XINGCHENGJMR TDGOUXINGQUANHENGYUFENXIHETONG。GAIHETONGMEINIANWEIMEIGEGONGSITIGONG400~500WANMEIYUANTIGONGJINGFEI,FENBIEZHICHIAVXFEIJIGONGSIYANFAFUHEGONGZHOUSHIZHISHENGJI,ZHICHIBEIER\BOYINFEIJIGONGSIYANJIUQINGZHUANXUANYIJI,ZHICHIBOYINFEIJIGONGSIYANJIUZHISHENGJI,HAIZHICHIXIKESIJIGONGSIYANJIUCHANGGUISHIYUQINGZHUANXUANYIFUHEZHISHENGJI。SUOYOUZHEIXIEYANJIUDOUZAI2012NIANWANCHENG。

掌心牛牛ZAIJMRDE“1JIEDUAN”,ZHENDUIDANGQIANZHEIXIEGOUXINGDEFEIXINGQIQIANDINGYANZHIHETONG。YUFEIXINGQIYANJIUGONGZUOBINGXINGKAIZHANDEHAIYOURENWUXITONGXIAONENGMAOYIYUFENXIHETONGDEQIANDING,BANGZHUQUEDINGMAOYIFANWEIYIZHICHIJMR“2JIEDUAN”DEGUIFANYANJIU。ZAICIJIEDUAN,SUOYOUGONGSIBIXUDADAODEZHIBIAOSHI“SUDUZAI230JIE(425QIANMI/SHI)YISHANG,SHEJIZONGZHONG30000BANG(13DUN)”。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,BIXUKAOLVDAOTUJIYUTONGYONGYUNSHULIANGGEJIBENGOUXING。QIZHONGTONGYONGYUNSHUXINGYUNSHU12MINGSHIBINGSHI,ZAILIU30FENZHONGYUYOUDEQIANTIXIA,YUNSHUBANJINGNENGDADAO424QIANMI(229HAILI), NENGGOUZAIGAOWENGAOYUAN1800MI/35°CTIAOJIANXIASHIYONG,BINGNENGMANZUHAIJUNYUHAIJUNLUZHANDUIDEJIANZAIYAOQIU。ERQIE,SHIBINGZHONGLIANGGUIDINGWEI335BANG(152QIANKE), PEIBEI2015LUZHANSHEBEI,DUIYINGDEZUOYIKUANDUWEI23YINGCUN(58LIMI) 、GAODU60.5YINGCUN (154LIMI)。

ZAIJMRDE“2JIEDUAN”,GUOFANGBUZHENDUI“1JIEDUAN”ZHONGBINGXINGYANFADERENWUXITONGJINXINGXINXIZHENGXUN,SHOUQUANYOUZIGEDERENWUXITONGJINXINGYANSHIYANZHENG。ZAICIJIEDUAN,HAIJIANGGUANZHUTUJIRENWU,GAIRENWUBEIKANZUOSHIRENWUXITONGYANZHIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODE。ZAI“2JIEDUAN”,DUIXIANJINDERENWUXITONGZUJIANKAIZHANYANJIU,DANSHIBUHUIZHENDUI“1JIEDUAN”DEJMRJINXINGFEIXINGYANZHENG。

ZAI2013NIAN1YUEZHONGXUN, ZAI1JIEDUANZHONGZUIZHONGDEHETONGSHOUQUANHOUBUJIU,BOYINYUXIKESIJIGONGSIQIANSHULEJMR“1JIEDUAN”(YIXIKESIJIWEIZHU),2JIEDUAN(YIBOYINWEIZHU) HEFVLZHONGQIDEXIEZUOXIEYI。BOYINFEIJIGONGSIHAIJIECHUYUZHANGQIYUYINGHEZUOHUOBANZHIJIANDEQINGZHUANXUANYIJILIANMENG,SHIDEBEIERGONGSINENGGOUYUXINDEFENGXIANGONGDANHUOBANJIECHENGLIANMENG,BAOKUOLUOKEXIDEMADINGHEGKNHANGKONGYUHANGGONGSI。AVXFEIJIYANXI“1JIEDUAN”DETUANDUI。ERKAIRUIMUFEIJIGONGSIDEZHONGBIAOSHIGEJINGXI,YINWEIZAICIZHIQIAN,GAIGONGSIDECUNZAIBINGBUWEIGONGZHONGSUOZHI。

MUQIAN,GEGONGSI/TUANDUIDEFANGANJUNYIJINRUYANSHIYANZHENGJIJIEDUAN。

苏军第一代直升机米-1。

掌心牛牛SUJUNDIYIDAIZHISHENGJIMI-1。

FVL计划

2009NIAN,MEIGUOGUOFANGBUQIDONGFVL(WEILAICHUIZHIQIJIANGFEIJI)XIANGMU,ZHIZAI2030NIANQUANMIANTIHUANLUJUNXIANYOUDEUH-60、AH- 64、CH-47HEOH-58ZHISHENGJI,BINGJIANGJMRXIANGMUZUOWEIFVLXIANGMUDEXIANDAOXIANGMUJINXINGJISHUYANZHENG。2011NIAN1YUE14RI, MEIGUOLUJUNZHENGSHIKAISHIJMR-TDJISHUYANZHENGJIEDUANDEGONGZUO(FENWEILIANGJIEDUAN:DI1JIEDUANSHIPINGTAIYANZHENGJIEDUAN,DI2JIEDUANSHIRENWUXITONGYANZHENGJIEDUAN),FABULEPINGTAIJISHUYANZHENGDEFANGANZHENGXUNSHU。ZAIPINGGULEGONGYEJIETIJIAODEFANGANZHIHOU,AMRDECYU2011NIAN9YUE29RITONGBOYINGONGSI、BEIER-BOYINLIANHESHEJITUANDUI、XIKESIJIGONGSIFENBIEQIANSHULEWEIQI18GEYUEDEJISHUTOUZIXIEYI,3GEYUEHOUTONGDI4JIAGONGSI——AVXFEIJIGONGSIQIANSHULEWEIQI15GEYUEDEJISHUTOUZIXIEYI。MEIJIAGONGSIJIANGHUODE400WANMEIYUANDEYANJIUFEIYONG, YONGYUDUIBUTONGGOUXINGJINXINGFENXI,MINGQUEJMRZUIYOUJIAZHIDEXINGNENG,ZHIDINGJMRSHEJIYAOQIUHEXINGNENGCANSHUZHIBIAO,BINGTICHUCHUBUGOUXINGFANGAN。

掌心牛牛JMR-TDXIANGMUDEDI2JIEDUAN,JIRENWUXITONGDEYANZHENGGONGZUOYEYIZHANKAI。2011NIAN11YUE,MEIGUOLUJUNXIANGGONGYEJIEFABUXINXIZHENGXUNSHU, BINGZAI2012NIAN4YUE1RIKAISHILEJMR-TDRENWUXITONGQUANHENGJIFENXIYANJIUDEJINGBIAO,YIQUEDINGJMRRENWUXITONGDENENGLI、SUOXUDEJISHUJIXIANGGUANFEIYONG。ZHEIYIJIEDUANGONGZUODEZHUYAOMUBIAOSHIDUIRENWUXITONGYOUGUANDEJISHU、GAINIAN、JIAGOUHECHENGXUDEJINGJIKECHENGSHOUXINGHEXIAONENGJINXINGYANJIU。DANYOUYUDIANZIXITONGDEFAZHANSUDUYUANGAOYUJISHEN、XUANYI、FADONGJIHECHUANDONGXITONGDENGPINGTAIJISHUDEFAZHANSUDU, YINCIRENWUXITONGDEKAIFAHECESHIDINGYU2015CAINIANKAISHI。

LUJUNXIWANGFVLNENGGOUZAISUDU、HANGCHENG、YOUXIAOZAIHE、GAOWENGAOYUANXINGNENGHETONGYONGXINGSHANGYOUMINGXIANDETISHENG,QIZHONGSUDUSHIZUIZHONGYAODEXINGNENGCANSHU,SUDUDETISHENGNENGGOUSHIFVLJUBEIQIANGXINGJINRUDIDUIQUYU、DUIDIMIANBUDUIJINXINGZHIYUAN,YIJICHENGDANYIXIESHIXIAOXINGGENGQIANGDERENWUDENENGLI,TONGSHIHAINENGGOUTISHENGQISHENGCUNXINGHEXIANGYINGXING;ERTONGYONGZHISHENGJIHEGONGJIZHISHENGJIZHIJIANDETONGYONGXINGDETIGAOZENENGGOUJIANGDIYANFAFEIYONG,JIANGDIXUNLIAN、HOUQINBAOZHANGJIBUSHUDENANDU。

掌心牛牛MUQIANMEIJUNDUIJMRZHONGXINGXIANGMUTICHUDEXINGNENGZHIBIAOBAOKUO:FEIXINGSUDUDADAO230JIE(426QIANMI/SHI),BUJIARANYOUHANGCHENGBIUH-60MGAO40%( CHAOGUO800QIANMI),35℃HUANJINGXIAXUANTINGSHENGXIANDADAO6000YINGCHI(1829MI)。

掌心牛牛ANZHAOMEIGUOLUJUNJIHUA,2015NIANZHENGSHIQIDONGCAIGOUCHENGXU,ZHIHOUYU2016~2017NIANWANCHENGBEIXUANFANGANDEFENXIYUXUANZE,2017NIANDI4JIDUWANCHENGYANZHENGJISHOUFEI,2018NIANXIANGMUZHENGSHIJINRUJISHUFAZHANJIEDUAN。ZAIJISHUFAZHANJIEDUAN,YIGEZHONGYAODEJIEDIANJIUSHIWANCHENGLIANGZHONGCANYUJINGBIAODEYUANXINGJIDEFEIXINGCESHI, YUJI2023NIANZUOYOUQIDONGGAIXIANGMUDEGONGCHENGYUZHIZAOFAZHAN,2034NIANJUBEICHUSHIZUOZHANNENGLI。

“垂直起降试验飞机”(VTOL X-Plane)项目

掌心牛牛2014NIAN3YUE18RI, MEIGUOGUOFANGBUGUOFANGYUXIANYANJIUJIHUAJU(DARPA)ZHENGSHIXUANBULEQI“CHUIZHIQIJIANGSHIYANFEIJI”(VTOL X-Plane)XIANGMUDIYIJIEDUANDE4JIAJINGBIAOSHANG, ZHICIXFEIJIXIANGMUJINGBIAOQUANMIANZHANKAI,BIAOZHIZHEMEIGUOGUOJIACENGMIANDEXINYIDAIGAOSUCHUIZHIQIJIANGFEIXINGQIDEJISHUYUYANHEYANZHENGGONGZUOZHENGSHIKAISHI。

“CHUIZHIQIJIANGSHIYANFEIJI”XIANGMUYU2013NIAN2YUEQIDONG,ZHIZAIKAIFAYIZHONGXINDECHUIZHIQIJIANGFEIXINGQI,SHIQIJIANJUDANGQIANCHANGGUIZHISHENGJICHUIZHIQIJIANGNENGLIHEXUANTINGXINGNENG,YIJIGONGWUJIDEYOUXIAOZAIZHONGSHUIPING、FEIXINGSUDUHESHENGZUBI。KAIFAHESHEJIGONGZUOSHEJIXINJISHUHUOXIANYOUJISHUGAIJIN、ZIXITONG、PINGTAIGAINIANJIGOUXINGDENGFANGMIAN。JINGUANXIANGMUMEIYOUYAOQIUYIDINGYAOCAIYONGXUANYIJIFANGAN,DANMUQIANLAIKANNENGGOUSHIXIANCHUIZHIQIJIANGDEFEIXINGQIZHONG,ZHIYOUXUANYIGOUXINGNENGGOUMANZUQIJISHUZHIBIAO。

掌心牛牛VTOP X-PlaneXIANGMUYUQIYANZHIZHOUQIWEI52GEYUE,ZONGYUSUANYUEWEI1.3YIMEIYUAN。XIANGMUGONGFENWEI3GEJIEDUANGONGZUO。DIYIJIEDUANGONGZUOWEIGAINIANSHEJIHEJISHUZHUNBEI,YUSUANWEI4700WANMEIYUAN。DIYIJIEDUANFENWEILIANGGEBUFEN,ABUFENCHIXU6GEYUE,ZHUYAOWANCHENGGAINIANSHEJI,BINGDUIZIXITONGJIZHENGTIGOUXINGJINXINGFENXI、YANZHENGHEGAILIANG,TONGSHIHAIJIANGQUEDINGBINGXUANZEDONGLIXITONG。BBUFENJIANGCHIXU16GEYUE,ZHUYAOJINXINGFANGANCHUBUSHEJI,BINGTONGGUOJIANMOHEFANGZHENLAITISHENGGUANJIANDEJICHUJISHUCHENGSHUDUDENGJI, JIANGDIYANFAFENGXIAN,BINGJIANGWANCHENGPINGTAIGOUXINGFANGANDEJINYIBUSHEJIHEYOUHUA、XITONGXINGNENGHEZHONGLIANGCANSHUDEPINGGUHEDIAOZHENG、GUANJIANJISHUJIZIXITONGDECHUSHIGONGCHENGSHEJIDENG。

DIERJIEDUANGONGZUOSHIXIANGXISHEJIHEXITONGJICHENG,JIHUAJINXING18GEYUE。ZHEIYIJIEDUANJIANGWANCHENGPINGTAIDEXIANGXISHEJIJIGEZIXITONGDEGUANJIANSHEJIPINGGU,BINGZAITONGGUOZUIZHONGSHEJIPINGGUHOUWANCHENGYANZHENGJIXITONGJICHENGHEZONGZHUANG。

DISANJIEDUANGONGZUOSHIDIMIANJIFEIXINGSHIYAN, JIHUAJINXING12GEYUE。YUJIYUHETONGSHOUCHU42GEYUEHOUWANCHENGYANZHENGJISHOUFEI(2017NIAN2YUEQIANHOU)。SUIHOUJIANGJINXINGWEIQI1NIANDEFEIXINGSHIYAN,DUIYANZHENGJIZHONGLIANG、ZAIHE、FEIXINGSUDU、XUANTINGXIAOLV、XUNHANGXIAOLV、FEIXINGBAOXIANDENGCANSHUJINXINGSHIYAN。

掌心牛牛DIYIJIEDUANGONGZUOYU2013NIANNIANDIKAISHI,XIANHOUWANCHENGLE4FENGAINIANSHEJIHETONG, JINXINGGOUXINGQUANHENGHEFANGANCHUSHISHEJI。HUODEHETONGDE4GEJINGBIAOSHANGFENBIESHI:XIKESIJIGONGSI/LUOMAGONGSIXIAOZU、JIGUANGFEIXINGKEXUEGONGSI、BOYINGONGSIHEKALEIMUGONGSI。DIYIJIEDUANGONGZUOJIESHUHOU,DARPAJIANGDUISHEJIFANGANJINXINGPINGGU,BINGCONGDUOGEFANGANZHONGXUANZEYIGEKAIZHANDIER、SANJIEDUANGONGZUO。ZAI2017NIANCHUNTIANSHIXIANYANZHENGJISHOUFEI,2018NIAN2YUEWANCHENGXIANGMUQUANBUYANJIUNEIRONG。

美国国家旋翼机技术中心成为军方和工业部门的纽带

MEIGUOGUOJIAXUANYIJIJISHUZHONGXINSHIMEIGUOGUOJIAHANGKONGHANGTIANJU、LUJUN、HAIJUNHEMEIGUOLIANBANGHANGKONGJUGONGTONGZUJIANDE,WEIZHENGFUJIGOU, BANGONGSHISHEZAIAIMUSIYANJIUZHONGXIN。GONGZUOYOUGUOJIAHANGKONGHANGTIANJU、LUJUN、HAIJUNHEMEIGUOLIANBANGHANGKONGJUHEQIYELINGDAOZUCHENGDEZHIXINGWEIYUANHUILAILINGDAO,BANGONGRENYUANJINYOU7REN。

MEIGUOGUOJIAXUANYIJIJISHUZHONGXINDEZONGZHISHIBAZHENGFU、QIYE、XUESHUJIEDERENCAIHESHEBEIJINXINGTONGYIDIAOPEI,SHIZHIXINGCHENGHELI,ZUCHENGYIGECHUANGXINHUOBANYANJIUTUANDUI。ZHIDINGXUANYIJIKEYANHEJISHUKAIFADEJINQIHEYUANQIJIHUA。BAXUANYIJIKAIFAZHIYUJUNSHIGUANLITIZHIZHIXIA, DUIJIHUA、KETI、JINGFEIJINXINGDINGQIJIANDUHEJIANCHA。QIZHANLVEMUBIAOSHIJIXUWEICHIJUNYONGXUANYIJIZAIGUOJISHANGDEBAZHUDIWEI,KUODAMEIGUOQIYEZAISHIJIEXUANYIJISHICHANGZHONGDEFENE。

美国军方采办培育先期市场

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JISHUPEIYUCHENGSHUHOU,DARPABACHENGSHUDEJISHUZHUANYIJIXIANGGUANJUNZHONG,YOUZHEIXIEJUNZHONGYUCHENGSHUQIYETONGGUOZHAOBIAOFANGSHIQIANDINGHETONG, JINXINGYUANXINGJIGAIJINSHEJI、SHIZHISHENGCHAN,RANHOUTIGONGJIJUNFANGSHIYONG,ZUIZHONGYEKENENGZHUANWEIMINYONG。RUGUOGEJUNZHONGBUYUANJIESHOUXINJISHU,DARPAKEYIQIUZHUGUOFANGBUZHANGDEQUANWEILILIANG,QIANGLITUIDONGXINJISHUCHANPINJINRUJUNFANGCAIBANCHENGXU。

掌心牛牛ZHUGUANCAIBANDEMEIGUOGUOFANGBUFUBUZHANGWANGWANGCAIQULIANGZHONGCELVE:YISHIZHENDUIXINJISHUCHENGLIXINBUMEN,QUANLIKAIFAXINJISHUYAOQIUPEIBEIDEXINGUICHENG,RUSHIYANPINGTAI、ZUOZHANSHIYONGXINGDENG。LIRU,MEIGUOTUIXINGDEARPANET、XIANGMU, JIUSHIZAIDARPANEIBUXIANTUIXINGSHIYONG,XINGCHENGCHUBUDE“CHANPINCHENGGONG”,ZAITUIXIANGGEJUNZHONG, CHENGWEI“CHENGGONGSHANGPIN”,SUIHOUZHUJIANTUIXIANGMINYONG。ERSHIBOFUZHUANKUANGONGJUNZHONGSHIYANXINJISHUPINGTAI, BINGDIAOZHENGYIYOUZUOZHANCHENGXUSHIYINGXINJISHU。LIRU,MEIGUOTUICHUDEYINXINGFEIJI,JIUSHITONGGUOCAIBANZHUANKUANXINGCHENG“CHANPINCHENGGONG”,RANHOUZHUBURONGRUDUOJUNZHONGZUOZHAN,BIANCHENG“CHENGGONGSHANGPIN”。

ZAIYOUGUANJUNZHONGDECHANPINYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG, BUDUANGAIJINGAOCHENGBEN、GAOFENGXIANDE“JISHUYUANXINGJI”,TUICHUGEZHONG“DIFENGXIANYUANXINGJI”。YIDANDAQIYEHUOZHECHUCHUANGGONGSIRENWEIXINJISHUCHANPINFENGXIANJIANGDIBINGKEDAILAILIRUNSHI,JIUHUITOUBIAO,JINRUHOUXUCHENGXU,SHIZHICHENGWEI“CHENGGONGSHANGPIN”,ZUIZHONGTUOLI“SIWANGZHIGU”,ZOUSHANGYINGLIDEDAOLU。

俄罗斯重型直升机的研制与军队需求

掌心牛牛WEIDAZAIHUOPAOBUJIANJIQIANYINCHE、YONGYUKONGJIANGTUXIZUOZHANDEZHUANGJIACHEHEZIXINGLIUDANPAO, SULIANLVXIANYANZHICHUMI-6ZHISHENGJI。

WEIMANZUJUNYONGLINGYUDUIDAXINGZHUANGBEI、SHEBEIHEHUOWUDIAOYUNDIAOZHUANGDEXUQIU,SULIANZAIMI-6ZHISHENGJIDEJICHUSHANG,YANZHIZHUANMENYONGYUQIZHONGDEMI-10ZHISHENGJI。

YUCITONGSHI,SULIANWUZHUANGBUDUIJIQIEXUYAOXINXINGZHISHENGJIBUCHONGZHUANGBEI,JIANGZUOZHANZHANSHUDANDAODAODANHEQIDONGZHUANGZHIYUNSONGDAOFEIJIWUFADAODADEQUYU,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,KAMOFUSHEJIJUYANZHILEKA-22ZHISHENGJI。

掌心牛牛ZAIMI-6HEMI-10CHENGGONGYANZHIZHIHOU, MILISHEJIJURENWEIXUANYIFEIXINGQIDECHICUNHEYOUXIAOZAIHEHAIYOUHENDADEKUOZHANKONGJIAN。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,DANGSHIDESULIANBUDUIJINGCHANGXUYAOLIYONGZHISHENGJILAIDIAOZHUANGDANGEZHONGLIANGCHAOGUO20DUNDEZHENGTIHUOWU,JIANYUCI,MILISHEJIJUYANZHILEMI-12ZHISHENGJI。

ZHIHOU,SULIANWUZHUANGBUDUITICHUXUYAOYUNZAIZHONGLIANG18DUNYISHANGDEZHONGXINGYUNSHUZHISHENGJI, YIMANZUJIXIEHUABUBINGSHIYUNSONGXINSHIZHUANGBEIDEXUQIU。ZAIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGXIAMI-26ZHISHENGJIWENSHI。

结束语

BUDUIDEXUQIUZHIJIECIJIZHISHENGJIJISHUDEJINYIBUFAZHAN,ZHISHENGJIJISHUSHUIPINGDETIGAOYOUZENGQIANGLEJUNDUIDEZHANDOULI。RENHEYIXIANGXINJISHU、XINCAILIAO、XINGONGYI、XINDIANZISHEBEIJIHUDOUSHISHOUXIANZAIWUQIZHUANGBEIZHONGTOURUSHIYONG,ZHISHENGJIGENGSHIRUCI。TOURUSHIYONGHOUNENGSHUNLICHENGDANHEWANCHENGSHIMING,CONGERTIGAOLEWUQIZHUANGBEIDEZUOZHANSHIYONGXIAONENG,TIGAOJUNDUIKUAISUBUSHUHEJINGQUEDAJIDENENGLI。

LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOHANGKONGBAO

 

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